Map of East Central - Residual Risk 72%


  • Residential and agriculture
  • Water and power infrastructure for Melbourne
  • 59% of Victoria's population
  • Half of people live in peri-urban areas
  • Home to iconic Leadbeater's Possum and Helmeted Honeyeater

Fuel Management

  • Intensive fuel management close to communities and valuable plantations
  • Fuel management adjacent to wet forests which cannot be burnt
  • Excluding burning in areas to protect ecosystem values
  • Working with communities to manage fuel on private land

Get involved

If you would like to chat to us about strategic bushfire planning, send us an email at or come along to our next East Central Learning Network. The Learning Networks run every two months - email us for more details.


As part of our strategic bushfire management planning we propose to make changes to Fire Management Zones on public land in the East Central Bushfire Risk landscape. FMZ's are areas of public land where fire is used for specific forest and park management objectives. 

Between August and October, the East Central Bushfire Risk team provided information to community and stakeholders on the proposed changes and sought feedback about what the changes might mean for certain areas in the East Central landscape. There was consultation with the DELWP fire district staff and Parks Victoria staff as well as on line consultation and eight community face to face sessions. 

The consultation period has finished. Thank you to those who provided feedback and consulted with us. Information about the consultation and the outcomes can be found here.

Proposed Fire Management Zones Consultation Process [PDF File - 525.7 KB]

Proposed Fire Management Zones Consultation Process [MS Word Document - 292.3 KB]

Strategic Bushfire Management Planning

We have developed a strategic bushfire management planning framework that, with the help of communities, identifies values to be protected from bushfire, assesses bushfire risk to those values and sets out strategies to manage this risk.

So far we have developed strategies to manage fuel on public land, and our framework allows us to extend this to private land. Our robust and community-centred approach means that over time we can progressively develop other strategies beyond fuel management, to reduce bushfire risk in partnership with communities.

DELWP and Parks Victoria have released the first generation of strategic bushfire management plans – describing our approach to bushfire fuel management on public land in Victoria.

Download a summary of the Strategic Bushfire Management Plan [PDF File - 1.9 MB]
Download a summary of the Strategic Bushfire Management Plan [MS Word Document - 23.0 KB]

Download the Strategic Bushfire Management Plan [PDF File - 3.2 MB]
Download the Strategic Bushfire Management Plan [MS Word Document - 3.0 MB]

In 2016, we will commence the second generation plans, involving communities in developing strategies to manage bushfire fuels across public and private land – bringing together local knowledge and values with world-leading bushfire science and modelling capability.

Bushfire Risk

The residual risk curve tells a story about how bushfires, recovering fuels after bushfires and our fuel management activities, affect the changing levels of bushfire risk across the landscape over time.

Within the East Central BRL, residual risk is currently at around 70%.

Residual risk fell sharply in 1983 following the Ash Wednesday bushfires and again in 2009 following the Black Saturday Bushfires, reaching less than 50% in 2010.

Since 2009, residual risk has been steadily increasing due to fuel re-accumulating across the landscape, however planned burning has reduced this rate of increase. Planned burning is projected to stabilise residual risk at around 80% into future years.

East Central has several major towns that adjoin land that is not treatable by planned burning. Therefore planned burning has limited affect for reducing bushfire risk to these towns, and other activities such as community education and mechanical works must play an important role.

Environmental Metrics

Understanding the impact of fire on ecosystems requires first being able to define and measure ecosystem resilience.  Tolerable Fire Interval (TFI) and Vegetation Growth Stage Structure (GSS) are used as indicators of ecosystem resilience at a landscape level. These allow us to better understand ecosystem resilience and the impacts of fire.

Map of Tolerable Fire Interval 2015 [PDF File - 579.5 KB]

Map of Growth Stage Structure 2015 [PDF File - 569.3 KB]

Within the East Central landscape, around 60% of vegetation on public land is currently below minimum TFI.

In 2014/15, around one percent of vegetation on public land was burnt by bushfire or planned burning while below minimum TFI.

For the period 1991–2008, the proportion of the landscape below minimum TFI remained fairly constant, at around 35%.  This increased to around 60% following the 2009 Black Saturday Bushfires, as areas that were within their TFI were converted to below minimum TFI.

Contact numbers

DELWP General enquiries: 136 186

VicEmergency Hotline: 1800 226 226

Planning and Local Government Switchboard: 03 9208 3333

National Relay Service

Deaf, hearing or speech impaired?
Please contact the National Relay Service on 133 677 or