Map of Alpine and North East - Residual Risk 61%


  • Mountains to flat floodplains
  • Forested water catchment areas which provide almost 40% of the inflows into the Murray darling system
  • Part of the 'food bowl' of Australia
  • Major settlements are along the Hume Freeway
  • Ecosystems include alpine forest, grassy woodlands, and floodplains

Fuel Management

  • Intensely managing fuel on public land close to towns
  • Fuel management to stop fires spreading to communities in the Alpine and Greater Gippsland Landscape
  • Fuel management to protect critical assets, as well as nationally significant water catchment areas and fire sensitive vegetation
  • Maintaining forest roads and river tracks for quick response to bushfires
  • Planned burning north and west of communities along the likely spread paths of bushfires
  • Fire-sensitive species and vegetation guide the frequency of burning

Get involved

If you would like to know more about bushfire risk management in Alpine and North East and how you can get involved, or if you would like to join the newsletter mailing list, contact us here:

Strategic Bushfire Management Planning

We have developed a strategic bushfire management planning framework that, with the help of communities, identifies values to be protected from bushfire, assesses bushfire risk to those values and sets out strategies to manage this risk.

So far we have developed strategies to manage fuel on public land, and our framework allows us to extend this to private land. Our robust and community-centred approach means that over time we can progressively develop other strategies beyond fuel management, to reduce bushfire risk in partnership with communities.

DELWP and Parks Victoria have released the first generation of strategic bushfire management plans – describing our approach to bushfire fuel management on public land in Victoria.

Download a summary of the Strategic Bushfire Management Plan [PDF File - 3.0 MB]
Download a summary of the Strategic Bushfire Management Plan  [MS Word Document - 76.1 KB]

Download the Strategic Bushfire Management Plan [PDF File - 7.1 MB]
Download the Strategic Bushfire Management Plan [MS Word Document - 4.9 MB]

In 2016, we will commence the second generation plans, involving communities in developing strategies to manage bushfire fuels across public and private land – bringing together local knowledge and values with world-leading bushfire science and modelling capability.

Bushfire Risk

The residual risk curve tells a story about how bushfires, recovering fuels after bushfires and our fuel management activities, affect the changing levels of bushfire risk across the landscape over time.

Within the Alpine North East BRL, residual risk is currently at around 60%.

Over the last few decades, residual risk has fallen sharply in response to several large bushfires close to townships. These bushfires include the Mt Buffalo Bushfire of 1985, the Alpine Bushfires of 2003, and the Great Divide Bushfires of 2006/07.

Following the Great Divide bushfires, planned burning kept residual risk at around the 50% level.

In recent years residual risk has been increasing more rapidly as fuels re-accumulate in areas burnt by the 2006/07 bushfires.

Over the next three years, planned burning is projected to reverse this trend, with a decrease in residual risk by 10 to 15% from current levels. Without planned burning, residual risk would return to levels above 80% by 2018.

Environmental Metrics

Understanding the impact of fire on ecosystems requires first being able to define and measure ecosystem resilience.  Tolerable Fire Interval (TFI) and Vegetation Growth Stage Structure (GSS) are used as indicators of ecosystem resilience at a landscape level. These allow us to better understand ecosystem resilience and the impacts of fire.

Map of Tolerable Fire Interval 2015 [PDF File - 709.9 KB]

Map of Growth Stage Structure 2015 [PDF File - 713.0 KB]

Within the Alpine North East landscape, around 70% of vegetation on public land is currently below its minimum TFI.

In 2014/15 around 5 percent of vegetation on public land was burnt by bushfire or planned burning while below minimum TFI.

Over the past decade, the overall trend in TFI status has been one of large and increasing areas being below minimum TFI. This is mainly due to the impacts of large bushfires. These bushfires include the Alpine bushfire of 2003, the Great Divide bushfires of 2006/7 and the Harrietville bushfire of 2013. Owing to the relatively long timeframes required for the affected vegetation types to reach minimum TFI, this trend will continue for some time.

Increased levels of planned burning have also contributed to the recent rise in the area below minimum TFI.

Contact numbers

DELWP General enquiries: 136 186

VicEmergency Hotline: 1800 226 226

Planning and Local Government Switchboard: 03 9208 3333

National Relay Service

Deaf, hearing or speech impaired?
Please contact the National Relay Service on 133 677 or