Map of Alpine and Greater Gippsland - Residual Risk 47%


  • Cooler annual temperature
  • Mix of temperate rainforest, alpine and farming
  • Large uninterrupted forest and parks with remote accessibility
  • Aging coastal populations
  • Small communities near large continuous forests
  • Small isolated populations of vulnerable flora and fauna species

Fuel Management

  • Permanent fuel breaks that are also used for forest access
  • Fuel management corridors through vast tracts of public land to break up large fires
  • Intense fuel treatment around communities and critical infrastructure

Get involved

Alpine & Greater Gippsland Bushfire Risk Landscape meet regularly with key stakeholders including the Regional Strategic Fire Planning Committee and Municipal Fire Planning Committees, Landscape Reference Group, and the Far East Gippsland Roundtable. To find out how you can get involved in strategic bushfire management planning in the Alpine and Greater Gippsland landscape, email

Strategic Bushfire Management Planning

We have developed a strategic bushfire management planning framework that, with the help of communities, identifies values to be protected from bushfire, assesses bushfire risk to those values and sets out strategies to manage this risk.

So far we have developed strategies to manage fuel on public land, and our framework allows us to extend this to private land. Our robust and community-centred approach means that over time we can progressively develop other strategies beyond fuel management, to reduce bushfire risk in partnership with communities.

DELWP and Parks Victoria have released the first generation of strategic bushfire management plans – describing our approach to bushfire fuel management on public land in Victoria.

Download a summary of the Strategic Bushfire Management Plan [PDF File - 2.8 MB]
Download a summary of the Strategic Bushfire Management Plan [MS Word Document - 76.5 KB] 

Download the Strategic Bushfire Management Plan [PDF File - 4.1 MB]
Download the Strategic Bushfire Management Plan [MS Word Document - 5.0 MB]

To get more detailed information on how we developed the Alpine and Greater Gippsland Strategic Bushfire Management Plan, please see the Further Resources section below.

In 2016, we will commence the second generation plans, involving communities in developing strategies to manage bushfire fuels across public and private land – bringing together local knowledge and values with world-leading bushfire science and modelling capability.

Bushfire Risk

The residual risk curve tells a story about how bushfires, recovering fuels after bushfires and our fuel management activities, affect the changing levels of bushfire risk across the landscape over time.

Within the Alpine and Greater Gippsland BRL, residual risk is currently at around 45%.

Residual risk fell sharply following major bushfires in the early 1980s. As fuels slowly re-accumulated, residual risk increased.

Residual risk fell again in 2003 and 2006/07 following the significant bushfires in the Alpine areas. Planned burning kept residual risk down to historically low levels in the years following these bushfires, but risk has been increasing in recent years as fuels re-accumulate in bushfire-affected areas.

Implementation of the risk-based fuel management strategy on public land is projected to keep residual risk well below the levels that existed prior to the 2003 and 2006/07 bushfires. Without planned burning, residual risk would increase to around 70% by 2018.

Many communities in the Alpine and Greater Gippsland BRL are vulnerable to major bushfires due to their close proximity to large, continuous areas of vegetated public land. As this public land is generally treatable by planned burning, DELWP has relatively high leverage to manage bushfire risk through fuel management in these areas.

Environmental Metrics

Understanding the impact of fire on ecosystems requires first being able to define and measure ecosystem resilience.  Tolerable Fire Interval (TFI) and Vegetation Growth Stage Structure (GSS) are used as indicators of ecosystem resilience at a landscape level. These allow us to better understand ecosystem resilience and the impacts of fire.

Map of Tolerable Fire Interval 2015 [PDF File - 686.7 KB]

Map of Growth Stage Structure 2015 [PDF File - 738.9 KB]

Within the Alpine and Greater Gippsland landscape, around 70% of vegetation on public land is currently below minimum TFI.

In 2014/15, around two percent of vegetation on public land was burnt by bushfire or planned burning while below minimum TFI.

Over the past decade, the overall trend in TFI status has been one of large and increasing areas being below minimum TFI. The Alpine Bushfires of 2003 and Great Divide Bushfires of 2006/07 burnt a combined total of 1.2 million hectares within the BRL. As a result, large areas of vegetation have been below minimum TFI for the past decade.  Owing to the relatively long timeframes required for the affected vegetation types to reach minimum TFI, this trend will continue for some time.

More recently, bushfires in 2014 and planned burning have added to the area of vegetation below minimum TFI.

Contact numbers

DELWP General enquiries: 136 186

VicEmergency Hotline: 1800 226 226

Planning and Local Government Switchboard: 03 9208 3333

National Relay Service

Deaf, hearing or speech impaired?
Please contact the National Relay Service on 133 677 or